Faked "chemical attack" at Douma, Syria, April Prologue As governments continue their relentless drive towards global dictatorship, emasculation of national sovereignties and wilful refusal to govern for the benefit of their own citizens, it is clear that an international cabal or Mafia exerts great influence upon the obsequious flunkies and traitors who pose as 'leaders'. A measure of the cabal's power is provided by the fact that the armed forces of several nations are deployed on phony pretexts such as "WMDs", or "al Qaeda" conspiracy theories based on faked videos and planted 'evidence'.
However, although Engels wrote in the s, his book was not translated into English until the late s, and his expression did not enter everyday language until then.
Credit for popularising the term may be given to Arnold Toynbeewhose lectures gave a detailed account of the term.
This is still a subject of debate among some historians. Important technological developments The commencement of the Industrial Revolution is closely linked to a small number of innovations,  beginning in the second half of the 18th century.
By the s the following gains had been made in important technologies: Textiles — mechanised cotton spinning powered by steam or water increased the output of a worker by a factor of around The power loom increased the output of a worker by a factor of over The adaptation of stationary steam engines to rotary motion made them suitable for industrial uses.
Iron making — the substitution of coke for charcoal greatly lowered the fuel cost of pig iron and wrought iron production. The steam engine began being used to pump water to power blast air in the mid s, enabling a large increase in iron production by overcoming the limitation of water power.
It was later improved by making it double acting, which allowed higher blast furnace temperatures.
The puddling process produced a structural grade iron at a lower cost than the finery forge. Hot blast greatly increased fuel efficiency in iron production in the following decades. Invention of machine tools — The first machine tools were invented. These included the screw cutting lathecylinder boring machine and the milling machine.
Machine tools made the economical manufacture of precision metal parts possible, although it took several decades to develop effective techniques.
Textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution British textile industry statistics In Britain imported 2. The work was done by hand in workers' homes or occasionally in shops of master weavers.
In raw cotton consumption was 22 million pounds, most of which was cleaned, carded and spun on machines.
Value added by the British woollen industry was Cotton factories in Britain numbered approximately in In approximately one-third of cotton cloth manufactured in Britain was exported, rising to two-thirds by In cotton spun amounted to 5. In less than 0. In there were 50, spindles in Britain, rising to 7 million over the next 30 years.
In tropical and subtropical regions where it was grown, most was grown by small farmers alongside their food crops and was spun and woven in households, largely for domestic consumption.
In the 15th century China began to require households to pay part of their taxes in cotton cloth. By the 17th century almost all Chinese wore cotton clothing.In The Russian Revolution, acclaimed historian Sean McMeekin traces the events which ended Romanov rule, ushered the Bolsheviks into power, and introduced Communism to the heartoftexashop.comn and , Russia underwent a complete and irreversible transformation.
Taking advantage of the collapse of the Tsarist regime in the middle of World War I, the Bolsheviks staged a hostile takeover of . The 17th-century English writer John Milton was an early believer in revolution’s inherent ability to help a society realize its potential.
He also saw revolution as the right of society to defend itself against abusive tyrants, creating a new order that reflected the needs of the people. The Russian Revolution of was a wave of mass political and social unrest that spread through vast areas of the Russian Empire, some of which was directed at the heartoftexashop.com included worker strikes, peasant unrest, and military heartoftexashop.com led to Constitutional Reform including the establishment of the State Duma, the multi-party system, and the Russian Constitution of In The Russian Revolution, acclaimed historian Sean McMeekin traces the events which ended Romanov rule, ushered the Bolsheviks into power, and introduced Communism to the heartoftexashop.comn and , Russia underwent a complete and irreversible transformation.
Taking advantage of the collapse of the Tsarist regime in the middle of . Continuing from heartoftexashop.com: Generations of people in the 20th century, including Dr. Sun Yat-sen, had naive and utopian fondness for the Russian October Revolution of . 20th-century international relations, history of the relations between states, especially the great powers, from approximately to The history of the 20th century was shaped by the changing relations of the world’s great powers.
The first half of the century, the age of the World Wars and the start of the Cold War, was dominated by the .