June 13, 8: In addition to my academic work as a specialist in Tibetan Studies, I have also served for some time as a consultant to Human Rights Watch.
Human rights in pre Tibet[ edit ] The social system[ edit ] Main article: Serfdom in Tibet controversy Likewise, to journalist and writer Israel Epsteina foreign-born Chinese citizen and member of the Chinese communist party, "the old society" in Tibet "had nothing even remotely resembling human rights.
Hence it was deemed senseless for the rich even though compassion was abstractly preached to have qualms about sitting on the necks of the poor, and both criminal and blasphemous for the poor not to patiently bear the yoke.
In these, according to Chinese sociologist Liu Zhong, "exploitation was not through land-rent but through enslavement" to the manor's owner. In return for working the land, the slaves were provided with lodging, clothing and food, albeit minimal.
Tibetologist Melvyn Goldstein wrote in that "Tibet was characterized by a form of institutionalized inequality that can be called pervasive serfdom". He died from his wounds 2 days later in the Potala prison.
Tibetan communist Phuntso Wangye recalled his anger at seeing freshly severed human ears hanging from the gate of the county headquarters in Damshung north of Lhasa in The man who fired the first shot was to lose both ears. A third man was to lose one ear, and the others were to get 50 lashes each.
But at different stages of Tibetan history secular rulers and religious leaders such as the Dalai Lama have been eager to protect Western missionaries and their tasks of preaching Christian beliefs to the local Tibetans. The first Western missionary known to have reached Lhasa was the Jesuit Father Antonio de Andradeaccompanied by Fratello Manuel Marques, and their first encounter with the Tibetans was cordial, with the Tibetans greeting Andrade and Marques with friendliness.
Inthe Tsaparang Jesuit mission in the Guge Kingdom presently the Gantok district of West Tibet fell victim to an uprising by dissident local Yellow Hat lamas, led by the king's brother and abetted by the king of Ladakhagainst the King who had lavished favours on the alien mission.
Many Christian converts were carried off by force to Ladakh as slaves. The church and properties at Tsaparang and Rudok were sacked, and five resident Jesuits became virtual prisoners of the king of Ladakh who had become the de facto ruler of Guge. A effort to reestablish the mission in Guge collapsed when a party of three new priests was attacked as it entered Tibet before reaching Tsaparang and was forced to retreat to India.
After proper investigations, Qing officials discovered that the murder cases were covertly supported and even orchestrated by local lamaseries and native chieftains.
Feeling threatened by the increasing number of new Christian converts in eastern Tibet, as well as by the imperial decree allowing the missionaries to openly purchase and possess land, the lamaistic monastic communities and their political patrons felt the need to take drastic measures to secure their religious, financial, and political interests.
Indignation over Feng Quan and the Christian presence escalated to a climax in Marchwhen thousands of the Batang lamas revolted, killing Feng, his entourage, local Manchu and Han Chinese officials, and the local French Catholic priests. The revolt soon spread to other cities in eastern Tibet, such as Chamdo, Litang and Nyarong, and at one point almost spilled over into neighboring Sichuan Province.
The missionary stations and churches in these areas were burned and destroyed by the angry Gelugpa monks and local chieftains. Dozens of local Westerners, including at least four priests, were killed or fatally wounded.
The scale of the rebellion was so tremendous that only when panicked Qing authorities hurriedly sent 2, troops from Sichuan to pacify the mobs did the revolt gradually come to an end.
The lamasery authorities and local native chieftains' hostility towards the Western missionaries in Tibet lingered through the last throes of the Manchu dynasty and into the Republican period. McKay notes that isolated cases of capital punishment did take place in later years, such as the death of one Padma Chandra and the execution of a youth involved in stealing the western Tibetan administrator's horse.
McKay also stresses the fact that corporal punishment continued to be inflicted for numerous offences and often proved fatal. One Tibetan counted the number of times Ma attacked him, remembering the seventh attack which made life impossible. Human rights in post Tibet[ edit ] Reforms[ edit ] The 14th Dalai Lama's brother Jigme Norbu reports that, along with these reforms, living conditions in jails were improved, with officials being designated to see that these conditions and rules were maintained.
Government measures to prevent information about Tibetan protests and protesters from leaving China have hindered human rights monitoring organizations from providing an adequate account of protests and their consequences, according to the CECC.
This relates to questions about political prisoners, population transfer, and more, which are "hidden in secrecy," according to the report.
Thus, gathering information on such subjects with regard to Tibet is a difficult undertaking. Human rights abuses documented in Tibet include the deprivation of life, disappearances, torture, poor prison conditions, arbitrary arrest and detention, denial of fair public trial, denial of freedom of speech and of press and Internet freedoms.
State Department's report. Prisoners have been subjected routinely to "political investigation" sessions and punished if deemed insufficiently loyal to the state. No distributing any unhealthy thoughts or objects. According to a UN report regarding the adoption of its Tibetan resolution in "The Chinese occupation of Tibet has been characterised by acts of murder, rape and arbitrary imprisonment; torture and cruel, inhuman and degraded treatment of Tibetans on a large scale.
In Golok areamany people were killed and their dead bodies rolled down the hill into a big ditch.Human rights in Tibet is a contentious issue.
In his essay Hidden Tibet: Amnesty International was "deeply concerned at the human rights violations" that occurred during these events and called on the Human Rights Council to address the human rights situation during the unrest.
Human Rights in Tibet In , newly communist China sent 35, troops to invade Tibet (Tibet Support Group UK 1). The year after that a treaty was made. The treaty acknowledged sovereignty over Tibet, but recognized the Tibetan government's autonomy with respect to internal affairs.
The Chinese violated the treaty on many occasions, . - US State Department human rights report, May Tibet is governed directly by the Chinese Communist Party in Beijing. In the Tibet Autonomous Region, no Tibetan has ever been appointed Party Secretary - the most senior government post.
Two delegations have been sent to China by the Dalai Lama in and in a failed attempt to alleviate the human suffering and secure the rights of the native Tibetans, but the Chinese were not willing to discuss any terms until the Dalai Lama returns to Tibet.
Human Rights Violations in Tibet Statement by Elliot Sperling, Associate Professor of Tibetan Studies, Indiana University to the U. S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations Subcommittee on East. Most recently, I collaborated with Human Rights Watch on a new book, Tibet Since Silence, Prison, or Exile (published with Aperture Foundation) graphically detailing the reality of exile from Tibet today and the role that human rights violations play in forcing many Tibetans to leave their homeland.
It is as a representative of Human Rights .